Research

Our lab focuses on answering a range of questions that share a common focus on identifying communication breakdowns that pose obstacles to positive relationships between individuals and groups in society, with the long term goal of identifying ways in which these obstacles can be overcome. We also seek to identify cases where individuals’ efforts to behave in a prosocial manner backfire and have unintended negative effects,  and to determine how these efforts can be adjusted so as to make positive outcomes more likely.

 

What are the psychological consequences of being the target of empathy? 

Vorauer, J. D., & Quesnel, M. (in press). Empathy by dominant versus minority group members in intergroup interaction: Do dominant group members always come out on top? Group Processes and Intergroup Relations. PDF

Vorauer, J. D., Quesnel, M., & Germain, S. L. (2016). Reductions in goal-directed cognition as a consequence of being the target of empathy. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 42, 130-141. PDF

Vorauer, J. D., & Quesnel, M. (2016). Don’t bring me down: Divergent effects of being the target of empathy versus perspective-taking on minority group members’ perceptions of their group’s social standing. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 19, 94-109. PDF

 

How does rendering different intergroup ideologies (e.g., multiculturalism, anti-racism) salient affect individuals’ psychological sense of power?

Vorauer, J. D., & Quesnel, M. (in press). Salient multiculturalism enhances minority group members’ feelings of power. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. PDF

Vorauer, J. D., & Quesnel, M. (in press). Ideology and voice: Salient multiculturalism enhances minority group members’ persuasiveness in intergroup interaction. Social Psychological and Personality Science. PDF

 

How do concerns with evaluation affect intergroup interaction?

Vorauer, J. D., & Quesnel, M. (2016). Antecedents and consequences of evaluative concerns experienced during intergroup interaction: When and how does group status matter? Invited chapter to appear in C. Sibley and F. Barlow (Eds.), Cambridge Handbook of the Psychology of Prejudice, pp. 519-541. Cambridge University Press.

Vorauer, J. D. (2013). Getting past the self: Removing evaluative concerns as an obstacle to positive intergroup contact effects. In G. Hodson & M. Hewstone (Eds.), Advances in intergroup contact (pp. 23-48). Psychology Press.

Vorauer, J. D. (2012). Completing the Implicit Association Test (IAT) reduces positive intergroup interaction behavior. Psychological Science, 23, 1168-1175. PDF

Vorauer, J. D., & Sakamoto, Y. (2008). Who cares what the outgroup thinks? Testing an information search model of the importance individuals accord to an outgroup member’s view of them during intergroup interaction. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 95, 1467-1480.

Vorauer, J. D. (2008). Unprejudiced and self-focused: When intergroup contact is experienced as being about the ingroup rather than the outgroup. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 44, 912-919.

Shelton, J. N., Richeson, J. A., & Vorauer, J. D. (2006). Threatened identities and interethnic interactions. European Review of Social Psychology, 17, 321-358.

Vorauer, J. D. (2006). An information search model of evaluative concerns in intergroup interaction. Psychological Review, 113, 862-886.

Vorauer, J. D., & Turpie, C. (2004). Relation of prejudice to choking versus shining under pressure in intergroup interaction: The disruptive effects of vigilance. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 87, 384-399.

Vorauer, J. D. (2003). Dominant group members in intergroup interaction: Safety or vulnerability in numbers? Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 29, 498-511.

Vorauer, J. D. (2002). Implications of meta-stereotypes for intergroup behavior. Revista de Psicologia Social, 17 (3), 293-296.

Vorauer, J. D., & Kumhyr, S. (2001). Is this about you or me? Self- versus other directed thoughts and feelings in response to intergroup interaction. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 27, 706-719.

Vorauer, J. D., Hunter, A. J., Main, K. J., & Roy, S. (2000). Meta-stereotype activation: Evidence from indirect measures for specific evaluative concerns experienced by members of dominant groups in intergroup interaction. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 78, 690-707.

Vorauer, J. D., Main, K. J., & O’Connell, G. B. (1998). How do individuals expect to be viewed by members of lower status groups? Content and implications of meta-stereotypes. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 75, 917-937.

 

When do empathy and perspective-taking foster more positive attitudes and behaviours in intergroup contexts, and when do they instead backfire and have negative effects?

Vorauer, J. D., & Sasaki, S. J. (2014). Distinct effects of imagine-other versus imagine-self perspective-taking on prejudice reduction. Social Cognition, 32, 130-147.

Vorauer, J. D. (2013). The case for and against perspective-taking. In M. P. Zanna & J. Olson (Eds.), Advances in experimental social psychology, vol 48, pp. 59-115. Burlington: Academic Press.

Vorauer, J. D., & Sasaki, S. J. (2012). The pitfalls of empathy as a default intergroup interaction strategy: Distinct effects of trying to empathize with a lower status outgroup member who does versus does not express distress. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 48, 519-524.

Vorauer, J. D., & Martens, V., & Sasaki, S. J. (2009). When trying to understand detracts from trying to behave: Effects of perspective-taking in intergroup interaction. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 96, 811-827.

Vorauer, J. D., & Sasaki, S. J. (2009). Helpful only in the abstract? Ironic effects of empathy in intergroup interaction. Psychological Science, 20, 191-197.

 

When is perspective-taking beneficial versus counter-productive in the context of close relationships?

Vorauer, J. D., & Quesnel, M. (2013). You don’t really love me, do you? Negative effects of imagine-other perspective-taking on lower self-esteem individuals’ relationship well-being. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 39, 1428-1440. PDF

Vorauer, J. D., & Sucharyna, T. (2013). Potential negative effects of perspective-taking efforts in the context of close relationships: Increased bias and reduced satisfaction. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 104, 70-86.

Vorauer, J. D. (2012). Do you see what I see? Antecedents, consequences, and remedies for biased metacognition in close relationships. In P. Briñol & K. G. DeMarree (Eds.), Frontiers of social psychology: Social metacognition (pp. 263-281). Psychology Press.

Lobchuk, M., & Vorauer, J. D. (2003). Family caregiver perspective-taking and accuracy in estimating cancer patient symptom experiences. Social Science and Medicine, 57, 2379-2384.

 

How does rendering different intergroup ideologies (e.g., multiculturalism, anti-racism) salient affect intergroup interaction?

Sasaki, S. J., & Vorauer, J. D. (2013). Ignoring versus exploring differences between groups: Effects of salient color-blindness and multiculturalism on intergroup attitudes and behavior. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 7, 246-259.

Vorauer, J. D., & Sasaki, S. J. (2011). In the worst rather than the best of times: Effects of salient intergroup ideology in threatening intergroup interactions.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 101, 307-320.

Vorauer, J. D., & Sasaki, S. J. (2010). In need of liberation or constraint? How intergroup attitudes moderate the behavioral implications of intergroup ideologies. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 46, 133-138.

Vorauer, J. D., Gagnon, A., & Sasaki, S. J. (2009). Salient intergroup ideology and intergroup interaction. Psychological Science, 20, 838-845.

 

How do evaluative concerns affect communication processes and egocentric biases?

Cameron, J. J., Holmes, J. G., & Vorauer, J. D. (2011). Cascading metaperceptions: Signal amplification bias as a consequence of reflected self-esteem. Self and Identity, 10, 1-17.

Sasaki, S. J., & Vorauer, J. D. (2010). Contagious resource depletion and anxiety? Spreading effects of evaluative concern and impression formation in dyadic social interaction. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 46, 1011-1016.

Cameron, J. J., Holmes, J. G., & Vorauer, J. D. (2009). When self-disclosure goes awry: Negative consequences of revealing personal failures for low self-esteem individuals. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 45, 217-222.

Cameron, J. J., & Vorauer, J. D. (2008). Feeling transparent: On metaperceptions and miscommunications. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 2, 1098-1108.    

Vorauer, J. D., & Sakamoto, Y. (2006). I thought we could be friends, but…Systematic miscommunication and defensive distancing as obstacles to cross-group friendship formation. Psychological Science, 17, 326-331.

Vorauer, J. D. (2005). Miscommunications surrounding efforts to reach out across group boundaries. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 31, 1653-1664.

Vorauer, J. D., Cameron, J. J., Holmes, J. G., & Pearce, D. G. (2003). Invisible overtures: Fears of rejection and the signal amplification bias. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84, 793-812.

Vorauer, J. D. (2001). The other side of the story: Transparency estimation in social interaction. In G. B. Moskowitz (Ed.), Cognitive social psychology: The Princeton symposium on the legacy and future of social cognition (pp. 261-276). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

Vorauer, J. D., & Ross, M. (1999). Self-awareness and transparency overestimation: Failing to suppress one’s self. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 35, 415-440.

Vorauer, J. D., & Ratner, R. K. (1996). Who’s going to make the first move? Pluralistic ignorance as an impediment to relationship formation. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 13(4), 483-506.

Vorauer, J. D., & Ross, M. (1996). Scrutinizing the behavior of self and partner: An informational goals analysis of vigilance in close relationships. In G. Fletcher & J. Fitness (Eds.), Knowledge structures and interaction in close relationships: A social psychological approach (pp. 369-396). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

Vorauer, J. D., & Ross, M. (1993). Making mountains out of molehills: An informational goals analysis of self- and social perception. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 19, 620-632.

 

What cognitive factors contribute to egocentric bias in the form of transparency overestimation ?

Vorauer, J. D., & Cameron, J. J. (2002). So close, and yet so far: Does collectivism foster transparency overestimation? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 83, 1344-1352.

Vorauer, J. D., & Claude, S. (1998). Perceived versus actual transparency of goals in negotiation. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 24, 371-385.

Vorauer, J. D., & Miller, D. T. (1997). Failure to detect the effect of implicit social influence on the presentation of self. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 73, 281-295.